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Development of a portable paper-based microfluidic device for the detection of alcohol in biological fluids

Authors:

D.Y.R. Gunawardhana,

University of Colombo, Colombo 03, LK
About D.Y.R.
Department of Chemistr
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M.N. Kaumal

University of Colombo, Colombo 03, LK
About M.N.
Department of Chemistry
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Abstract

A paper-based microfluidic device with Agaricus bisporus homogenate as the working electrode modifier was developed based on cyclic voltammetry for quantitative detection of ethanol in biological samples. Mushroom homogenate was mixed with gelatin and combined with carbon paste to prepare a slurry to develop the working electrode on paper. The homogenate contained alcohol oxidase enzyme that catalyzed the degradation of ethanol to acetaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in the presence of oxygen. A graphite crystalline pencil (5HB) was used to draw the counter electrode and a silver conductive ink pen was used to draw the reference electrode on the paper. Assay is based on the detection of reduction peaks of remaining oxygen at the working electrode using cyclic voltammetry at potentials between +0.4 and +0.8 V. The expected electrode response showed a linier relationship for ethanol concentrations ranging from 4.0 to 14.0 mM. Phosphate buffer (pH = 7) was used as the supporting electrolyte and it also provided the optimal condition for the activity of alcohol oxidase enzyme extracted from the mushroom tissue. The proposed paper-based device was validated using laboratory prepared samples.

How to Cite: Gunawardhana, D.Y.R. & Kaumal, M.N., (2016). Development of a portable paper-based microfluidic device for the detection of alcohol in biological fluids. Sri Lankan Journal of Biology. 1(1), pp.38–43. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljb.v1i1.4
Published on 30 Jan 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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